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2018全国1卷高考英语试题【Word真题试卷】

2018-07-06 13:03:56文/叶丹

  第一节

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  例:How much is the shirt?

  A.£19.15

  B.£9.18

  C.£9.15

  答案是C。

  1. What will James do tomorrow?

  A. Watch a TV program.

  B. Give talk.

  C. Wiiteareport.

  2. What can we say about the woman?

  A. She's generouxr. B. She's curious C. She's helpful.

  3.When does the train leave?

  A.At 6:00 B.At 8:30 C.At 10:30

  4.How does the wornon go work?

  A.ByCar. B.On foot. C.By bike.

  5.What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

  A.Classmates. B.Teacher and student. C.Doctor and patient.

  第二节(共15小题:每题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有几个小题, 从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题5秒钟; 听完后, 各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段材料, 回答第6、7题。

  6.What does the woman regret?

  A.Giving up her research. B.Dropping out of college. C.Changing her major.

  7.What is the woman interested in studying now?

  A.Ecology B.Education C.Chemistry.

  听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

  8.What is the man?

  A.A hotel manager. B.A tour guide. C.A taxi driver.

  9.What is the man doing for the woman?

  A.Looking for some local foods.

  B.Showing her around the seaside.

  C.Offering infonnation about a hotel.

  听第8段材料,回答10至12题。

  10.Where does the conversation probably take place?

  A.In an office. B.At home C.At a restaurant.

  11.What will the speakers do tomorrow evening?

  A.Go to a concert. B.Visit a friend. C.Work extra hours.

  12.Who is Alice going to call?

  A.Mike B.Joan C.Catherine

  听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

  13.Why does the woman meet the man?

  A.To look atan apartment.

  B.To deliver some furniture.

  C.To have a meal together.

  14.What does the woman like about the carpet?

  A.Its color. B.Its design. C.Its quality.

  15.What does the man say about the kitchen?

  A.It's a good size.

  B.It's newly painted.

  C.It's adequately equipped.

  16.What will the woman probably do ncxt?

  A.Go downtown B.Talk with her friend. C.Make payment.

  听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

  17.Who is the speake probably talking to?

  A.Movie fans. B.Ncws reporters. C.College students.

  18.When did the speakertake English classes?

  A.Before he left his hometown.

  B.After he came to America.

  C.Whcn he was 15 years old.

  19.How does the speaker feel about his teacher?

  A.He's proud. B.He's sympathetic. C.He's grateful.

  20.What does the speaker mainly talk about?

  A.How education shaped this fife.

  B.How his language skills improved.

  C.How he managed his business well.

  答案1-5 BCCBA 6-10 BABCC 11-15 ABAAC 16-20 BCBCA

  A

  Washington.D.C.Bicycle Tours

  Cherry Blossom Bike Tour in Washington.D.C

  Duration: 3 hours

  This small group bike tour is a fantastic way to see the world-famous cherry trees with beautiful flowers of Washington, D.C. Your guide will provide a history lesson about the trees and the famous monuments where they blossom. Reserve your spot before availability - and the cherry blossoms - disappear!

  Washington Capital Monuments Bicycle Tour

  Duration: 3 hours (4 miles)

  Join a guided bike tour and view some of the most popular monuments in Washington.D.C. Explore the monuments and memorials on the National Mall as your guide shares unique

  facts and history at each stop. Guided tour includes bike, helmet, cookies and bottled water.

  Capital City Bike Tour in Washington, D.C.

  Duration: 3 hour

  Morning or Afternoon this bike tour is the perfect tour for D.C. newcomers and locals looking to experience Washington, D.C.in a healthy way with minimum effort.Knowledge guides will entertain you with the most interesting stories about Presidents.Congress,memories,and parks.Comfortable bikes and a smooth tour route(路线) make cycling between the sites fun and relaxing.

  Washington Capital Sites at Night Bicycle Tour

  Duration: 3 hour (7 miles)

  Join a small group hike tour for an evening of exploration in the heart of Washington,

  D.C. Get up close to the monuments and memorials as you bike the sites of Capitol Hill and the National Mall. Frequent stops are made for photo taking as your guide offers unique facts and history. Tour includes bike, helmet, and bottled water. All rides are equipped with reflective vests and safety lights.

  21. Which tour do you need to book in advance? 【A】

  A. Cherry Blossom Tour in Washington.D.C.

  B. Washington Capital Munumcnts Bicycle Tour.

  C. Capital City Bikc Tour in Washington.D.C.

  D. Washington Capital Sites at Night Bicycle Tour.

  22. What will you do on the Capital City Bikc Tour? 【D】

  A. Meet famous people.

  B. Go to a national park.

  C. Visit well-known museums.

  D. Enjoy interesting stories.

  23. Which of the following does the bicycle tour at night provide? 【D】

  A. City maps.

  B. Cameras

  C. Meals.

  D. Safety lights.21.

  B

  Good Morning Britain’s Susanna Reid is used to grilling guests on the sofa every morning,but she is cooking up a storm in her latest role-showing families how to prepare delicious and nutritious meals on a tight budget.

  In Save Money:Good Food,she visits a different home each week and with the help of chef Matt Tebbutt offers top tips on how to reduce food taste,while preparing recipes for under 5 per family a day.And the Good Morning Britain presenter says she’s been able to put a lot of what she’s learnt into practice in her own home,preparing meals for sons,Sam,14,Finn,13,and Jack,11.

  “We love Mexican churros,so I buy them on my phone from my local Mexican takeaway restaurant,”she explains. “I pay5 for a portion(一份),but Matt makes them for26p a portion, because they are flour, water, sugar and oil. Everybody can buy takeaway food,but sometimes we’re not aware how cheaply we can make this food ourselves.”

  The eight-part series(系列节目),Save Money:Good Food,follows in the footsteps of ITV’s Save Money:Good Health,which gave viewers advice on how to get value from the vast range of health products on the market.

  With food our biggest weekly household expense,Susanna and Matt spend time with a different family each week.In tonight’s Easter special they come to the aid of a family in need of some delicious inspiration on a budget.The team transforms the family’s long weekend of celebration with less expensive but still tasty recipes.

  24.What do we know about Susanna Reid? (B)

  A.She enjoys embarrassing her guests. B.She has started a new programme.

  C.She dislikes working early in the morning. D.She has had a tight budget for her family.

  25.How does Matt Tebbutt help Susanna? (C)

  A.He buys cooking materials for her. B.He prepare food for her kids.

  C.He assists her in cooking matters. D.He invites guest families for her.

  26.What does the author intend to do in paragraph 4? (C)

  A.Summarize the previous paragraphs. B.Provide some advice for the readers.

  C.Add some background information. D.Introduce a new topic for discussion.

  27.What can be a suitable title for the text? (D)

  A.Keeping Fit by Eating Smart B.Balancing Our Daily Diet

  C.Making Yourself a Perfect Chef D.Cooking Well for Less

  C

  Languages have been coming and going for thousands of years,but in recent times there has been less coming and a lot more going.When the world was still populated by hunter-gatherers,small,tightly knit(联系) groups developed their own patterns of speech independent of each other.Some language experts believe that 10,000 years ago,when the world had just five to ten million people,they spoke perhaps 12,000 languages between them.

  Soon afterwards,many of those people started settling down to become farmers,and their languages too became more settled and fewer in number.In recent centuries,trade,industrialisation,the development of the nation-state and the spread of universal compulsory education,especially globalisation and better communications in the past few decades,all have caused many languages to disappear,and dominant languages such as English,Spanishand Chinese are increasingly taking over.

  At present, the world has about 6,800 languages. The distribution of these languages is hugely uneven. The general rule is that mild zones have relatively few languages, often spoken by many people, while hot, wet zones have lots, often spoken by small numbers. Europe has only around 200 languages; the Americas about 1,000; Africa 2,400; and Asia and the Pacific perhaps 3,200, of which papua New Guinea alone accounts for well over 800. The median number (中位数)of speakers is a mere 6,000,which means that half the world’s languages are spoken by fewer people than that.

  Alredy well over 400 0f the total of 6,800 languages are close to extinction (消亡), with only a few elderly speakers left. Pick, at random, Busuu in Cameroon (eight remaining speakers), Chiapaneco in Mexico (150), Lipan Apache in the Unitde States (two or three) or Wadjigu in Auatralia (one, with a question-mark): none of these seems to have much chance of survival.

  28.What can we infer about languages in hunter-gatherer times? B

  A.They developed very fast. B.They were large in number.

  C.They had similar patterns. D.They were closely connected.

  29.Which of the following best explains “dominanr” underlined in paragraph 2? C

  A.Complex. B.Advanced

  C.Powerful. D.Modern.

  30.How many languages are spoken by less than 6,000 people at present. B

  A.About 6,800. B.About 3,400.

  C.About 2,400. D.About 1,200.

  31.What is the main idea of the text? C

  A.New languages will be created.

  B.People’s lifestyles are reflected in languages.

  C.Human development results in fewer languages.

  D.Geography determines language evolution.

  D

  We may think we‘re a culture that gets rid of our worn technology at the first sight of something shony and new,but a new study shows that we keep using our old devices (装置) well after they go out ot style,That’s bad news for environment – and our wallets – as these outdated devices consume much more energy than the newer ones that do the same things,

  To figure out how much power these devices are using,Callie Babbitt and her colleagues at the Rochester Institute of Technology in New York tracked the environmental costs for each product throughout its life – form when its minedals are mined to when we stop using the device.This method provided a readout for how home energy use evolved since the early 1990s.Devices were grouped by generation.Desltop computers basic mobile phones,and box-set TVs defined 1992. Digital cameras arrived on the scene in 1997. And MP3 players, smart phones, and LCD TVs entered homes in 2002, before table ts and e-readers showed up in 2007.

  As we accumulated more devices,however,we didn’t throw out our old ones.”TheLiving-room television is replaced and gets planted in the kid’s room ,and suddenly one day,you have a TV in every room of the house,said one researcher. The average number of electronic devices rose from four per household in 1992 to 13 in 2007.We’re not just keeping these old devices-we continue to use them. According to the analysis of Babbin’s team,old desktop monitors and box TV’s with cathode ray tubes are the worst devices with their energy consumption and contribution to greenhouse gas emissions(排放) more than doubling during the 1992 to 2007 window.

  So what’s the solution(解决方案)?The team’s data only went up to 2007,but the researchers also explored what would happen if consumers replaced old products with new electronics that serve more than one function ,such as table t for word processing and TV viewing. They found that more on demand entertainment viewing on table s instead of TVs and desktop computers could cut energy consumption by 44%.

  32.What does the author think of new devices?(A)

  A.They are environment-friendly. B.They are no better than the old.

  C.They cost more to use at home. D.They go out of style quickly.

  33.Why did Babbin’s team conduct the research?(D)

  A.To reduce the cost of minerals. B.To test the life cycle of a product.

  C.To update consumers on new technology.

  D.To find out electricity consumption of the devices.

  34.Which of the following uses the least energy?(B)

  A.The box-set TV. B.The table t.

  C.The LCD TV. D.The desktop computer.

  35.What does the text suggest people do about old electronic devices?(A)

  A.Stop using them. B. Take them apart.

  C.Upgrade them. D.Recycle them.

  第二节(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

  Color is fundamental in home design-something you’ll always have in every room. A grasp of how to manage color in your spaces is one of the first steps to creating rooms you’ll love to live in. Do you want a room that’s full of life?Or are you just looking for a place to relax after a long day?____36_(B)_____,color is the key to making a room feel the way you want it to feel.

  Over the years, there have been a number of different techniques to help designers approach this important point.___37__(A)___,they can get a little complex. But good news is that there’re reallly only three kinds of decisions you need to make about color in your home:the small ones, the medium ones,and the large ones.

  _38__.They’re the little spots of color like throw pillows,mirrors and baskets that most of us use to add visual interest to our rooms.Less tiring than painting your walls and less expensive than buying a colorful sofa,small color choices bring with them the significant benefit of being easily changeable.

  Medium color choices are generally furniture pieces such as sofas,dinner table s or bookshelves.__39___.They require a bigger commitment than smaller ones,and they have a more powerful effect on the feeling of a space.

  The large color decision in your rooms concern the walls,ceilings,and floors.Whether you’re looking at wallpaper or paint,the time,effort and relative expense put into it are significant.___40___

  While all of them are useful

  Whatever you’re looking for

  If you’re experimenting with a color

  Small color choices are the ones we’re most familiar with

  It’s not really a good idea to use too many small color pieces

  So it pays to be sure,because you want to get it right the first time

  Color choices in this range are a step up from the small ones in two maior ways

  36.B 37.A 38.D 39.G 40.F

  第三部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  (共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A,B,C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  Duing my second year at the city college,I was told that the education department was offering a “free” course,called Thinking Chess,for three credits.I __41___ the idea of taking the class because,after all,who doesn’t want to __42___ a few dollars? More than that,I’d always wanted to learn chess.And,even if I weren’t __43____ enough about free credits,news about our __44_____ was appealing enough to me.He was an international grandmaster,which __45___ I would be learning from one of the game’s ___46___,I could hardly wait to __47__ him.

  Maurice Ashley was kind and smart,a former graduate returing to teach,and this __48___ was no game for him:he meant business.In his introduction,he make it ___49____ that our credits would be hard-earned.In order to ___50___ the class,among other criteria,we had to write a paper on how we plan to ___51____ what we would learn in class to our future professions and ___52___ to our lives.I managed to get an A in that __53__ and learned life lessons that have served me well beyond the ___54___.

  Ten years after my chess class with Ashley,I’m still putting to use what be ___55__ me:”The absolute most important ___56__ that you learn when you play chess is how to make good __57___.On every single move you have to __58___ a situation,process what you opponent(对手) is doing and __59___ the best move from among all your options.”These words still ring true today in my ___60___ as a journalist.

  B 41.A.put forward B.jumped at C.tried out D.turned down

  C 42.A.waste B.earn C.save D.pay

  A 43.A.excited B.worried C.moved D.tired

  D 44.A.title B.competitor C.textbook D.instructor

  D 45.A.urged B.demanded C.held D.meant

  46 A. fastest B. easiest C. best D.rarest C

  47 A. interciew B.meet C. challcnge D. beat B

  48 A. chance B. qualification C. honor D. job D

  49 A. real B. perfect C. clear D. possible C

  50A. attend B. pass C. skip D. observe B

  51 A. add B. expose C. apply D. compare C

  52A. eventually B. naturally C. directly D. normally A

  53A. game B. presentation C. course D. experiment C

  54A. criterion B. classroom C. department D. situation B

  55 A. taught B. wrote C. questioned D. promised A

  56 A. fact B. step C. manner D. skill D

  57 A. grades B. decisions C. impressions D. comments B

  58 A. analyze B. descibe C. rebuild D. control A

  59A. announce B. signal C. block D. evaluate D

  60 A. role B. desire C. concern D. behavior A

  第二节(共10小题;没小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

  According to a review of evidence in a medical journal runners live three years 61 longer(long) than non-runners You don’t have to run fast long 62 to see (see)the benefit You may drink ,smoke be overwhelming and still reduce your risk of 63 dying (die)earlyby running.

  While running regularly can’make you live forever, the review says it 64 is (be)more effective at lengthening life than 65 walking ,cycling or swimming. Two of the authors of the review also made a study published in 2014 66 that/which showed a mere five to 10 minutes a day of running reduced the risk of heart disease and early deaths from all 67 causes (cause)

  The best exercise is one that you enjoy and will do. But otherwise ……

  It’s probably running. To avoid knee pain,you can run on soft surfacces to 68 strengthen (strength)your leg muscles(肌肉),avoid hills and get good running shoes.Running is cheap,easy and it’s always energetic没看清楚答案 69 (energy). If you are time poor,you need run for only half the time to get the same benefits other sports,so perhaps we should all give 70 it/running a try.

  第四部分写作 (共两节,满分35分)

  第一节 短文改错 (共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处语言错误,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词

  注:1.每处错误及其修改仅限一词;

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分

  During my last winter holiday, I went to countryside with my father to visit my grandparents.I find a big change there. The first time I went there, they were living in a small house with dogs, ducks, and another animals. Last winter when I went here again, they had a big separate house to raise dozens of chicken. They also had a small pond which they raised fish. My grandpa said last summer they earned quite a lot by sell the fish. I felt happily that their life had improved. At the end of our trip. I told my father that I planned to return for every two years, but he agreed.

  第二节书面表达(满分25分)

  假定你是李华,你的新西兰朋友Terry将去中国朋友家做客,发邮件向你询问有关

  习俗,请你回复邮件,内容包括:

  1.到达时间;

  2.合适的礼物;

  3.餐桌礼仪;

  注意:

  1.词数100左右;

  2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

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